Payne (37th Illinois Infantry), consisting of approximately 550 autograph letters and associated documents and ephemera. The collection includes 82 letters of Civil War letters exchanged between Payne and his wife Adelia ("Delia") Wright, together with about 80 other personal letters dating from 1857 up through the 1860s. Also included are Payne's postwar mostly professional correspondence: consisting of over 350 letters written to Payne from 1865 up through the 1890s, when he was elected a member of the Illinois State Legislature (1864-68), practiced law, and became a U. Pension Examiner based in Washington, D. The collection includes an 1863 tintype portrait of Payne taken in the field, and a small group of letters written to Payne from Medal of Honor winner General John Charles Black, a longtime friend and fellow soldier in the 37th Regiment, dating from when Black was U.
Commissioner of Pensions in 1885-89. The tintype is removed from the original case and has some abrasion to part of the image, else the letters, documents and ephemera are very good or better overall; with the Civil War letters and selected letters and associated materials neatly laid into plastic sleeves in five three-ring binders. A descendent of Thomas Paine, Eugene Beauharnais Payne was born in 1835 at Seneca Falls, New York. He briefly practiced law after graduating from Northwestern University in 1860 and helped organize the 37th Illinois Volunteer Regiment "The Fremont Rifles" in 1861. He served as 2nd Lieutenant of Co.
1st Illinois Zouaves; Captain of Co. 37th Illinois Volunteers, and later as Major and Colonel of the same regiment.
During the war he fought in the battles of Pea Ridge and Prairie Grove. He also participated in Union raids along the Mexican border during the Tennessee Campaign, and in General Bank's Red River Campaign. Of the 82 Civil War letters, 42 were written by Payne to Delia, and 40 by Delia to Payne.
Payne and Delia were deeply in love, and the letters reveal the extent to which Payne was willing to go (including feigning illness) in hopes of obtaining a furlough. (They were married on January 26, 1862). Here Payne is writing from his camp at Boonville, Missouri, on Christmas Day, 1861: God grant that our mutual prayers may be answered & I be allowed ere long to fold my beloved one once more to my heart...
/ [Uncle Sam's] authority here in Missouri is a little mixed. Sometimes it is Union & sometimes it is secesh.Our troops here have accomplished but one success... This was the taking of 1,340 prisoners by 340 of our [men]... There are 7 companies of the 8th Iowa Reg. Mathias commanding, & our two companies "C" & "H" under myself.
I have the best Company in the state, best drilled & best in everything... But more often than not, events on the field kept Payne busy with his regiment, chasing after Confederate General Bedford Forrest during the Tennessee Campaign, or helping Union General Nathaniel Banks in his retreat to New Orleans during the Red River Campaign.Here Payne is writing from his camp at "Hull's Plantation" in Mississippi on May 8th, 1864:... We are encamped in the door yard of a once wealthy planter (now a rebel colonel). Tis a very beautiful place... One week ago today we started out from Memphis after old Forrest who was reported at Bolivar. On Tuesday our advance guard found and attacked Forrest with a part of his force at Bolivar.
He skirmished for about one hour & then retreated towards Corinth... We followed on after Forrest to Ripley about 20 miles S.
Of Corinth, when finding from prisoners whom we took that Forrest had reached the Secesh Rail Road & had embarked & that it would be useless to follow him. We turned back & marched for Memphis... When we reach Memphis we will have completed a triangle - a circuit of 200 miles. This has been the most severe march on my men of any that they ever made...We have had no tents, nothing but our blankets & mess kits. I have slept out in the open air all the time since our departure from Memphis...
" And here he is one week later, at the "Mouth of Red River" (May 16, 1864): "we... Went on board two little steamers - the right wing under charge of Don John Charles (Black) took possession of the'Idahoe', and your roaming husband with the left wing went on board the'Hazel Dell'... We went up to Genl. Canby's headquarters and reported & was ordered to report to Genl. He told us that the Red River expedition was a failure, that Banks was retreating toward the mouth...
He will retreat to New Orleans. The whole Army is demoralized. Heavy firing has been heard all day. As we number about 250 we will not go up Red River to help Banks off - but assist his coming & go to N. Kirby Smith [Confederate General Edmund Kirby Smith] sent word to [General] Banks just before the big fight of the 9th Apr.
That if he brought Negroes into the fight that he would show no quarter to neither white or black - Banks, like the white-livered coward as he is, complied & withdrew the Negroes. I have this from an officer of [General Henry] Frisbie's Regt.
Who used to be a sergeant in my Regt. Most of Delia's letters were written from their home in Waukegan, Illinois. In a letter from October 12, 1863, Delia, thinking her husband safe at a "convalescing Camp at New Orleans, " expresses her alarm when she is told by a Union soldier that Payne's Division had left New Orleans - joined the other portion of the 13th Army Corps.And with Franklin's had suffered a severe battle on some river which he could not remember and at some date which he could not remember - He said Herron's was the advanced Pickets. The enemy fell upon them in overpowering numbers - killed 700 and took 2000 prisoners. Is this, can this be true?
If it is - you must have been with them... Among the other letters dating from 1857 through the 1860s are 21 personal letters written to Payne or Delia by friends and family, and 30 professional letters written to Payne regarding financial and personnel matters of the 37th Regiment.Included among the approximately 375 postwar letters are a few personal letters, but most are professional letters relating to Payne's work as a legislator, lawyer, and Pension Examiner from 1885 - circa 1900. In 1904 Payne published a history of the 37th Illinois Regiment at the Battle of Pea Ridge. He died in Washington at the age of 75 in 1910.
A remarkable and historically important archive of letters, rich in content. A detailed list with selected excerpts from the Civil War letters is available upon request. Today we offer a wide ranging inventory, from Modern First Editions to General Used Books to Rare Archival Collections.We are active members of. Antiquarian Booksellers' Association of America (ABAA). International League of Antiquarian Booksellers (ILAB). This listing was created by Bibliopolis. This item is in the category "Books & Magazines\Antiquarian & Collectible".
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