(May 27, 1835 - March 20, 1915) was an American author, historian, and railroad and park commissioner who served as the president of the. He served as a colonel in the.After the war, he was a railroad regulator and executive, an author of historical works, and a member of the Massachusetts Park Commission. May 27, 1835, into a family with a long legacy in American public life. He was the great-grandson of. And the grandson of President. Was a lawyer, politician, diplomat, and writer. His siblings were older sister Louisa Catherine Adams, wife of Charles Kuhn, of Philadelphia; older brother Hon. Arthur Adams, who died in childhood; Mary Adams, who married Henry Parker Quincy, of Dedham, Massachusetts; and historian Peter Chardon. Of Beverly Farms, Massachusetts, who married Evelyn Davis.
And then studied law in the office of. And was admitted to the bar in 1858. In 1895, he received an. Adams served in the Union Army during the. He was commissioned as a first lieutenant in the.He fought with distinction during the. Where his company was heavily engaged at the. When the regiment's 3-year enlistment ended it was reduced to a battalion, and Adams was mustered out of service on September 1, 1864. On September 8, 1864, he was commissioned as the lieutenant colonel of the 5th Massachusetts Cavalry (officially designated "5th Massachusetts Colored Volunteer Cavalry").
He was promoted to colonel and assumed command of the regiment on March 14, 1865, shortly before the end of the war. When he assumed command, the regiment was assigned guarding Confederate prisoners of war at.
Adams, who wished to lead his regiment in combat, was able to get horses for his regiment and had it reassigned to front-line duty during the closing days of the campaign against Richmond. Adams wrote in his autobiography that he regretted having his unit reassigned since he came to the conclusion that the regiment's black soldiers were ill-suited for combat duty. He led his regiment into Richmond shortly after it was captured in April 1865. On July 9, 1866, President.
Nominated Colonel Adams for the award of the rank of. For distinguished gallantry and efficiency at the battles of. Maryland, and for meritorious services during the war to rank from March 13, 1865, and the U. Senate confirmed the award on July 23, 1866. Adams was a Veteran Companion of the Massachusetts Commandery of the.Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States. Following the Civil War, he was appointed to the Massachusetts Railroad Commission. There he attempted to persuade (rather than coerce) railroads into compliance with accepted business norms.
Thomas McCraw called Adams's approach to regulation "the Sunshine Commission, " because the purpose of the commission was to expose the corrupt business practices in the hope that, once out in the open, the businessmen would be shamed into mending their ways. It was in this vein that he wrote. However, true to his regulatory philosophy, he favored the protection of businessmen over that of the consumers. He saw regulation as necessary to protect investors and other businessmen from the capriciousness of a hostile public or the machinations of other unscrupulous. (UP) and in 1884 forced it to hire Adams as the new president.
Adams had long promoted various reform ideas, as in his book. Railroads, Their Origin and Problems. (1878), but he had little practical experience in management. As railroad president, he was successful in getting a good press for the UP, and he set up libraries along the route to allow his employees to better themselves.He had poor results dealing with the. When the union refused extra work in Wyoming in 1885, Adams hired Chinese workers. Which killed scores of Chinese and drove all the rest out of Wyoming. He tried to build a complex network of alliances with other businesses, but they provided little help to the UP. He had great difficulty in making decisions and in coordinating his subordinates. Adams was unable to stanch the worsening financial condition of the UP, and in 1890 the railroad's owner. Adams was elected a Fellow of the.
American Academy of Arts and Sciences. In 1871 and a member of the. After 1874, he devoted much of his time to the study of American history. In recognition of his work, Adams became vice-president of the. In 1890, he was chosen president of this society in 1895 and the.
It exposed the railroad rate rigging and monopoly practices that prompted the. Adams also wrote an autobiography, completed in 1912 and published posthumously in 1916.
At the beginning of the autobiography is a memorial address about Adams written by. This item is in the category "Collectibles\Autographs\Military". The seller is "historicsellsmemorabilia" and is located in this country: US. This item can be shipped to United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, China, Sweden, Korea, South, Indonesia, Taiwan, South Africa, Thailand, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Germany, Austria, Bahamas, Israel, Mexico, New Zealand, Philippines, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Kuwait, Bahrain, Croatia, Republic of, Malaysia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Panama, Trinidad and Tobago, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Jamaica, Antigua and Barbuda, Aruba, Belize, Dominica, Grenada, Saint Kitts-Nevis, Saint Lucia, Montserrat, Turks and Caicos Islands, Barbados, Bangladesh, Bermuda, Brunei Darussalam, Bolivia, Ecuador, Egypt, French Guiana, Guernsey, Gibraltar, Guadeloupe, Iceland, Jersey, Jordan, Cambodia, Cayman Islands, Liechtenstein, Sri Lanka, Luxembourg, Monaco, Macau, Martinique, Maldives, Nicaragua, Oman, Peru, Pakistan, Paraguay, Reunion, Vietnam, Uruguay.