CDV image, Civil War era, of. William Farrar Smith (February 17, 1824 February 28, 1903), known as'Baldy' Smith, was a Union. In the American Civil War. Notable for attracting the extremes of glory and blame.He was praised for his gallantry in the Seven Days Battles. And the Battle of Antietam. But was demoted for insubordination after the disastrous defeat at the Battle of Fredericksburg. As chief engineer of the Army of the Cumberland. He achieved recognition by restoring a supply line that saved that army from starvation and surrender, known as the "Cracker Line", that helped Union troops to success in the Chattanooga Campaign.
In the autumn of 1863. Leading the first operation against Petersburg, Smith's hesitation, possibly illness-related, cost the Union a prime opportunity for a quick end to the war, and he was relieved of command. During the First Battle of Bull Run. Smith served on the staff of Brig.
On August 13, 1861, he was appointed a brigadier general. In the Union Army after helping organize the 1st Vermont Brigade.
He was appointed a brevet. For his gallantry at the Battle of White Oak Swamp. In the Seven Days Battles. On July 4, 1862, he received promotion to the rank of major general.Smith led his division with conspicuous valor during the Battle of Antietam. And was again brevetted in the regular army. When his corps commander, Maj. Was reassigned to a superior command, Smith was placed at the head of the VI Corps. Of the Army of the Potomac.
Which he led at the disastrous Battle of Fredericksburg. The recriminations that followed Fredericksburg led to a famous general order in which army commander Maj.Proposed to dismiss several of the senior officers of the army. Prevented this order from taking effect and relieved Burnside of his command instead. Smith was one of the affected officers, but it is to his credit that he did not leave the Army. However, his indiscretion in communicating to Lincoln directly about Burnside's shortcomings, compounded by the fact that Smith was a close friend of out-of-favor Maj. Resulted in his losing both his corps command and his rank; the Senate failed to confirm his nomination to major general, which expired on March 4, 1863. Reverting to the rank of brigadier general, he commanded a division-sized force of militia. Within the Department of the Susquehanna. During the critical days of the Gettysburg Campaign.
At a skirmish in Carlisle. Smith's green troops then participated in the unsuccessful pursuit of Gen. Back to the Potomac River.He followed this in division command in West Virginia. On October 3, 1863, Smith was assigned to duty as chief engineer of the Army of the Cumberland. And a couple of weeks later, the Military Division of the Mississippi. As such he conducted the engineer operations and launched the Battle of Brown's Ferry.
Which opened the "Cracker Line" to provide supplies and reinforcements to the besieged troops in Chattanooga. Of this action the House. Committee on Military Affairs reported in 1865 that as a subordinate, General WF Smith had saved the Army of the Cumberland from capture, and afterwards directed it to victory. Smith was now again nominated for the rank of major general of volunteers, and Ulysses S. Who was much impressed with Smith's work, insisted strongly that the nomination should be confirmed, which was accordingly done by the Senate on March 9, 1864.
Grant, according to his own statement "was not long in finding out that the objections to Smith's promotion were well grounded, " but he never said what the grounds were, while Smith, contributing to a major series of war memoirs. Maintained that they were purely of a personal character. General William Farrar Smith and staff.
Of 1864, Smith was assigned by Grant to command the XVIII Corps. S Army of the James. Which he led in the Battle of Cold Harbor. And the first operations against Petersburg. Smith's corps and a division of black.
Were ordered to take the city. Remembering the debacle at Cold Harbor, Smith performed exhaustive reconnaissance. Determining that the section of the defensive line was manned primarily by artillery, he ordered an attack. However, the attack was delayed and in the meantime he became apprehensive about a rumor circulating that Lee was about to arrive.He lost his nerve, perhaps because of the formidable character of the Confederate works or perhaps because of a recurring bout with malaria, but his hesitation may have lost him the opportunity to shorten the war by nearly a year. On July 19, 1864, he was relieved from command of the XVIII Corps and he spent the remainder of the war on special duty.
The item "Carte de Visite image of Civil War Union General William F. Smith" is in sale since Monday, May 20, 2019. This item is in the category "Collectibles\Militaria\Civil War (1861-65)\Original Period Items\Photographs".com" and is located in New Bern, North Carolina. This item can be shipped to United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Denmark, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Czech republic, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Estonia, Australia, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus, Slovenia, Japan, China, Sweden, South Korea, Indonesia, Taiwan, Thailand, Belgium, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Italy, Germany, Austria, Bahamas, Israel, Mexico, New Zealand, Philippines, Singapore, Switzerland, Norway, Saudi arabia, United arab emirates, Qatar, Kuwait, Bahrain, Croatia, Malaysia, Chile, Costa rica, Dominican republic, Panama, Trinidad and tobago, Guatemala, El salvador, Honduras, Jamaica, Uruguay, Russian federation, Aruba, Belize, Dominica, Grenada, Saint kitts and nevis, Turks and caicos islands, Bangladesh, Brunei darussalam, Bolivia, Egypt, French guiana, Guernsey, Gibraltar, Guadeloupe, Iceland, Jersey, Jordan, Cambodia, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Monaco, Macao, Martinique, Nicaragua, Pakistan, Paraguay, South africa, Colombia, Antigua and barbuda, Saint lucia, Barbados, Bermuda, Cayman islands, Sri lanka, Maldives, Oman, Reunion, Montserrat.