Please keep in mind the expensive process of authentication which is part of the price of course. The finest set of Civil War cards ever produced, checklist in the pictures. The pictures may have glare.Pictures are not included just the card and LOA. Verify any PSA autograph here. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Commanding General of the United States Army. August 14, 1888 September 29, 1895. 28th United States Secretary of War. June 1, 1868 March 13, 1869. Superintendent of the United States Military Academy. Battle of Wilson's Creek. John McAllister Schofield (September 29, 1831 March 4, 1906) was an American soldier who held major commands during the American Civil War. He later served as U. And Commanding General of the United States Army.
John McAllister Schofield was born September 29, 1831, in Gerry. His father, a Baptist minister in Sinclairville became a domestic missionary and moved his family (which then included six children and would include 10 who survived infancy) to Bristol, Illinois. When John was 12, they finally settled in Freeport, Illinois. Schofield became the town's first Baptist minister in 1845, and where he would ultimately be buried in 1888.
As a young man John Schofield was educated in the public schools, helped his family farm and build their home, and then surveyed land in northern Wisconsin before spending a year teaching school in Oneco, Illinois. Secured John Schofield an appointment to the United States Military Academy.In his final year at the Academy, while a teaching assistant in the mathematics section, cadet Schofield was accused of allowing others in his classroom to make offensive jokes and drawings on the blackboard. He was dismissed from West Point, but after meeting with Illinois' U. Appealed the decision to the Secretary of War. Who referred the matter back to a Board of Inquiry at the Academy.
A majority of the review board voted to rescind the expulsion, but one of the two officers who voted to sustain it, cavalry and artillery instructor Lt. Later became a commander of Schofield during the Civil War. Although Schofield's eventual memoirs did not mention Thomas on the review board, his persistent criticism of Thomas's generalship after the war may reflect this incident. Schofield graduated in 1853, ranking seventh in his class, and was commissioned a brevet. Schofield served for two years in the artillery.His first post was at Fort Moultrie, South Carolina. Which he later noted involved the same guns that would be used to bombard Fort Sumter. He then served at various places in Florida during the armed truce with the Seminole Nation. But contracted fevers and dysentery and was ultimately evacuated with the assistance of future Confederate.
And recovered at Culpeper, Virginia. His career seemed stalled, so he took leave (18601861), to work as professor of physics. Several of his brothers had settled in St. Louis, following the lead of his eldest brother Rev. When the Civil War broke out, Schofield (and his brothers as discussed below) helped assure Missouri did not join the Confederacy.He became a major in the 1st Missouri Infantry Regiment. And served as chief of staff to Maj. Until Lyon's death during the Battle of Wilson's Creek.
Schofield acted with "conspicuous gallantry" during the battle, and decades later received the Medal of Honor. Schofield was promoted to brigadier general. Of volunteers on November 21, 1861, and to major general on November 29, 1862.From 1861 to 1863 he held various commands in the Trans-Mississippi Theater. Most of the time in command of the Army of the Frontier. He was eventually relieved of duty in the West, at his own request, due to altercations with his superior Samuel R. On April 17, 1863, he took command of the 3rd Division.
Of the Army of the Cumberland. His command in Missouri was marred by controversy after a massacre at Lawrence, Kansas. When Schofield refused to allow a posse to pursue the combatants into Missouri.Pro-Union Missourians sent a delegation to Washington DC in October to plead with President Lincoln to dismiss Schofield for sympathizing with pro-Confederate Bushwhacker para-military marauders who were attacking loyal Union citizens. Lincoln backed Schofield's position, attributed the carnage to wartime conditions rather than the commander's inadequacy, and instructed Schofield to respect civil liberties unless assemblies or newspapers were working palpable harm to the military. In 1864, as commander of the Army of the Ohio. Schofield participated in the Atlanta Campaign. Under Major General William T. Sherman placed him in command of a major operation to break the rail lines in late July 1864. Schofield became embroiled in another controversy with the commander of the US XIV Corps (Volunteer), Major General John Palmer. Who resigned rather than serve under Schofield, whom he considered to be of lower rank, but whom Gen. Sherman backed, at Utoy Creek becoming the only resignation during a major operation in U. History, although Palmer was ultimately reassigned to Kentucky and helped assert federal control over that border state for three years. Schofield with his XXIII Corps and the XIV Corps then spent the month in front of Atlanta and East Point with lackluster results. Sherman resorted to a flanking movement to defeat the Confederates under Hood. Schofield was sent to cut off Hardee's retreat at Jonesboro but failed to move. He became embroiled in a further controversy, when placed under General Stanley commanding the US IV Corps, on August 30, 1864. John Schofield during the Civil War. Sherman, after the fall of Atlanta, took the majority of his forces on a March to the Sea. Schofield's Army of the Ohio was detached to join Major General George H. Invaded Tennessee and nearly cut off Schofield's command at Spring Hill, Hood's rash assault to regain momentum at the subsequent Battle of Franklin.
Resulted in a significant defeat. On December 1516, Schofield took part in Thomas's crowning victory at the Battle of Nashville.
Where Hood's Army of Tennessee. Was decisively defeated, and effectively destroyed as a fighting force for the remainder of the war.However, during the buildup towards the battle Schofield intrigued against Thomas, feeding Grant false information, in order to try to succeed his senior in command. For his services at Franklin he was awarded the rank of brigadier general in the regular army. On November 30, 1864, and the brevet. Rank of major general on March 13, 1865.
Ordered to operate with Sherman in North Carolina. Schofield moved his corps by rail and sea to Fort Fisher. North Carolina, in 17 days, occupied Wilmington. On February 22, 1865, fought the action at Kinston.
On March 10, and on March 23, joined Sherman at Goldsboro. Sent Schofield on a special diplomatic mission to France. Urging withdrawal of French troops in Mexico. General Schofield also joined the Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States. A military society composed of officers of the Union armed forces and their descendants.
After retiring from active duty, Schofield served as the Order's commander-in-chief (from 1899 to 1903). President Johnson appointed Schofield to serve as military governor of Virginia. And of the First Military District. Thus, he oversaw the elections (in which blacks and whites voted) which resulted in the Virginia Constitutional Convention of 1868.When Radicals took over that convention and proposed to disenfranchise former Confederates Schofield voiced concerns about corruption to Congress as well as his commander, General Ulysses Grant. Schofield's position was of high importance and sensitivity, due to the region's proximity to Washington as well as Confederate President Jefferson Davis's incarceration in Norfolk and awaiting trial under Judge John Curtiss Underwood. Who chaired the Constitutional Convention and had close links with Congressional Republicans. After President Johnson forced Edwin M.
Who had served as Secretary of War since 1862, to resign from his cabinet, from June 1868 to March 1869, Schofield served as Secretary of War. Canby took command of the First Military District. Schofield served in an interim capacity until the United States Senate. As Grant's Secretary of War. Schofield was promoted to major general on March 4, 1869, the same day General Ulysses S.
Was sworn in as president of the United States. Schofield then served for a year as head of the Department of Missouri. The country's second largest. Following Thomas' death, Schofield succeeded him in commanding the Military Division of the Pacific. In 1873, Schofield was given a secret task by Secretary of War William Belknap.To investigate the strategic potential of a United States presence in the Hawaiian Islands. Schofield's report recommended that the United States establish a naval port at Pearl Harbor. Starting in 1876 until 1881, Schofield became superintendent. Of the United States Military Academy. A major focus was reducing hazing and increasing professionalism within the academy.
In 1878, Schofield drew the ire of Radical Republicans when President Rutherford B. Asked him to reopen the case of Major General. Who had been convicted by a court-martial. For cowardice and disobedience at the Second Battle of Bull Run. Schofield's review board used new evidence from Confederate generals who had participated in the battle, and then found that Porter had been wrongly convicted and that his actions might have saved the entire Union army from complete defeat caused by the ineptitude of Maj.
On April 5, 1880, an African American cadet at West Point, Johnson Chesnut Whittaker. Was found bruised and beaten in his cot. He claimed that he had been attacked by fellow cadets, but the administration claimed he had fabricated his story to win sympathy. And expelled for allegedly faking an assault on himself staged by his fellow cadets.
A Congressional investigation into the incident resulted in Schofield's removal from his post as superintendent in 1881. Schofield then served in the Department of the Gulf. (188182), the Military Division of the Pacific. (188283), the Military Division of the Missouri. (188386), and the Military Division of the Atlantic.
He also went to France to witness military maneuvers there. Schofield was also the first President of the Army and Navy Club (founded 1885, incorporated 1891). Army Chiefs of Staff portrait, by Stephen W.
Upon the death of General Philip Sheridan in 1888, General Schofield, by virtue of his seniority in rank, became the commanding general of the United States Army. He supported military professionalism, including subordination to the civilian Secretary of War. Schofield also supported adoption of lineal promotions and initiated performance reviews which limited political patronage considerations from the promotion process. Writing from South Dakota, General Schofield seconded a report of General Thomas H.
Which urged the federal government to honor treaty obligations with Native Americans. General Schofield received the Congressional Medal of Honor on July 2, 1892. During the unrest of the Pullman Strike. Schofield worked with President Cleveland in a discreet advisory role. On February 5, 1895, he was promoted to the rank of lieutenant general.Lieutenant General Schofield retired on September 29, 1895, upon reaching the mandatory retirement age of 64. However, he remained active in government affairs, supporting Elihu Root. Testifying before congressional committees in support of the Army Reorganization Act of 1901 and the Dick Act of 1903 which established the U.
Georgia Wells Kilbourne, Mrs Schofield. John Schofield married Harriet Whitehorn Bartlett, daughter of W. Bartlett (Chairman of West Point's Department of Philosophy) and they would have two daughters and four sons. After Harriet died in 1888, she was buried with her father and son John in the United States Military Academy Post cemetery. At age 60, in Keokuk, Iowa in June 1891, Schofield remarried, to 27 year old Georgia Wells Kilbourne, with whom he had a daughter, Georgiana.Georgia Wells Kilbourne was a native of Keokuk, Iowa. She was the daughter of George Kilbourne, and was named Georgia for her father. She attended school in New York, and afterwards studied abroad.
General Schofield and Kilbourne were married in 1891. Kilbourne, and her younger sister, Miss Emma Kilbourne, spent a part of the year at her Washington home. Emma Kilbourne had a literary predilection, devoting much of her time to reading and study.During his military career, perhaps because of his reformer image, Schofield would be dogged by accusations of favoritism toward family members. Volunteers during the American Civil War, originally volunteering with the 1st Missouri Volunteer Infantry in November 1861 and promoted to Captain in the 1st Missouri Light Artillery after the Siege of Vicksburg. And rising to command the 2nd Regiment Missouri Volunteer Light artillery and ultimately being commissioned as a Major in the Regular Army after the Civil War and serving in the 10th Cavalry and later the 6th Cavalry on the Western Frontier, and for whom the. 45 caliber Smith and Wesson Schofield revolver was named. Schofield would later serve as his Gen. After rising to the rank of Captain during the SpanishAmerican War, he died of a heart attack in Matanzas, Cuba in 1901 and was also buried at Arlington National Cemetery. John Schofield was in charge of Military District No. His son in law, Brig. Avery Delano Andrews and his wife Mary Campbell Schofield Andrews are also buried at Arlington National Cemetery. Prior to his death, Schofield became the last surviving member of Andrew Johnson's cabinet. His memoirs, Forty-six Years in the Army , were published in 1897. General Schofield became an honorary companion of the Military Order of Foreign Wars. General Schofield died at St.
He is buried in Arlington National Cemetery. Are named in his honor.Today, Schofield is also remembered for a lengthy quotation that all cadets at the United States Military Academy. At West Point, Officer Candidate School. At Fort Benning, and the United States Air Force Academy. It is an excerpt from his graduation address to the class of 1879 at West Point.
The discipline which makes the soldiers of a free country reliable in battle is not to be gained by harsh or tyrannical treatment. On the contrary, such treatment is far more likely to destroy than to make an army.
It is possible to impart instruction and give commands in such a manner and such a tone of voice as to inspire in the soldier no feeling, but an intense desire to obey, while the opposite manner and tone of voice cannot fail to excite strong resentment and a desire to disobey. The one mode or other of dealing with subordinates springs from a corresponding spirit in the breast of the commander. He who feels the respect which is due to others cannot fail to inspire in them respect for himself. While he who feels, and hence manifests, disrespect towards others, especially his subordinates, cannot fail to inspire hatred against himself. Place and date: At Wilsons Creek, Mo.
Born: September 29, 1831, Gerry, N. Date of issue: July 2, 1892. Was conspicuously gallant in leading a regiment in a successful charge versus the enemy. The medal was recommended by Schofield himself when he was interim U.Historian Benson Bobrick is critical of this and notes the vagueness of the details in the citation. General Schofield was posthumously entitled to the Civil War Campaign Medal. And the Indian Campaign Medal. Both medals were created in 1907, a year after Schofield died. GENERAL OF ARMY JOHN SCHOFIELD #84 MOH 2018 ESI CIVIL WAR PSA/DNA AUTOGRAPH" is in sale since Saturday, April 13, 2019. This item is in the category "Collectibles\Autographs\Military". The seller is "totalarchives" and is located in Eagle, Idaho.
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