McClellan's army for the Peninsula Campaign as a member of the III Corps. Leading the 1st Brigade, 1st Division, he fought through Second Bull Run and Fredericksburg, then assumed leadership of the 2nd Division, I Corps for the Battle of Chancellorsville, and on July 1, 1863, with around 2,500 men, held off more than twice that number of Confederates for 4 hours at Gettysburg. His division formed the extension of the Union Right on the famed Oak Knoll.It fought heroically, sustained great casualties and retreated in good order after the collapse of the XI Corps. In fact the two corps (the I and the XI) had never linked up and had a half mile gap. For his tenacious defense he was brevetted Lieutenant Colonel in the Regulars. Later commanding the 2nd Division, V Corps, at Laurel Hill, Virginia, on May 8, 1864, he followed orders to lead his scattered force against massed Confederates preparing for the Battle of Spotsylvania. His charge was repulsed, and, severely wounded in the left knee, he lost his leg to amputation, thus costing him field command.
Brevetted Major General of Volunteers on June 27, 1864, he assumed district command in New York State, then was awarded brevets to Brigadier and Major General in the Regulars for his action at Laurel Hill and his war service. He ran the Freedmen's Bureau in North Carolina in 1866, the Department of the South in 1867, the Department of the Lakes in 1868, and received disability retirement on May 6, 1869 as a full Major General of Regulars.Elected Lieutenant Governor of New York in 1872, he served until 1874, and became active in the leadership of the Society of the Army of the Potomac and the Grand Army of the Republic until overtaken by blindness in 1893. On March 28, 1894, he received the Medal of Honor for his actions at Laurel Hill. His citation read: Placed himself at the head of the leading brigade in a charge upon the enemy's breastworks; was severely wounded. In April 1917 his valiant stand on the first day of fighting at Gettysburg was commemorated with a statue on the battlefield. Visitors today can find it at the junction of Doubleday and Robinson Large size 2.5 by 7. This item is in the category "Collectibles\Autographs\Military".
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